Sleep deprivation happens due to less sleep. There are different causes of sleep deprivation. For example, one faces this situation due to the burden of work. Sleep deprivation or absence of sleep may be acute or chronic, respectively, having drastic results according to the given situation. It is the most common disease of modern life, seriously inflicting many other health problems, particularly mental- related issues.
Sometimes it does not occur permanently but resultantly creates adverse impacts, for example, poor job performance, obesity, doziness, and mussels-pulling. It suggests a certain amount of attention and an effective measure against occasional sleep interruption.
When a person does not spend recommended hours in sleep, soon after some time, the individual shows different symptoms that are the necessary outcome of sleeplessness.
The common cause of sleeplessness is the failures in remaining awake and vigilant during the daytime. There are some other symptoms that the patient of sleep deprivation shows.
- Depressed mood
- Yawning every time
- Lack of motivation in every work
- Decrease sex drive
Effects of Sleep Deprivation
If an individual spends the full night in tossing and turning, he or she must be ready to spend the next day in fatigue and in a depressed mood.
If one takes a gap of 7 to 9 hours of recommended sleep on a daily basis, it must be ready to see the harmful results of sleep deprivation. These results may be in the form of failures of mental abilities or damaging physical health.
Lets us see what these dreadful outcomes of sleep deprivation are.
1. Effects on the Immune system
The immune system is known as the defensive shield of a body against many diseases. It means the loss of the immune system makes way for diseases to get over the body. Recommended sleep of 7 to 9 hours is of utmost importance for the immune system.
It creates infection-protective fluids, for example, Cytokines. Cytokines fight against the attacking viruses and bacteria. It also provides energy with the existing immune system to defend the body against diseases. Sleep deprivation destroys the immune system in two ways; one is to prevent the immune system from boosting its power by curbing the production of Cytokines, the second is to prevent the existing immune system from defending the body. Therefore, Sleep deprivation directly put harmful impacts the body of a person by harming the immune system.
2. Effects on the central nervous system
The central nervous system works as the channel to pass the information and direction across the body of a person. One can easily say it information highway. It Is of high importance for the body to keep this system properly functioning for smooth transmission of information.
Sleep deprivation may have a bad impact on the central nervous system. In the information procession unit, the brain feels uneasiness in remembering the information learned. Sleep deprivation interrupts the transmission of signals and becomes the cause of delayed cooperation. It also reduces the power of focus by increasing the fatigue of the brain. Sleep deprivation makes vulnerable personal mental abilities as well as damaging emotional states.
Hallucinations often generate from the absence of recommended sleep hours in the daily life of a person.
3. Effects on the digestive system
Leptin and Ghrelin, are the two names of hormones which is directly responsible for measuring the feelings of fullness and hunger. Sleep deprivation directly puts adverse impacts on these two hormones. Sleeplessness creates the problem of overweight. Consequently generates physical health issues, for example, high blood pressure.
Sleep deprivation may become the cause of type 2 diabetes. It compels the body to produce more insulin, which directly increases fat storage.
4. Effects on the Respiratory system
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), the disease of nighttime breathing may affect your routine of sleep and generate more problems. It also leads to sleep deprivation, which exposes the person to common Flu and the common cold.
Absence of sleep creates the worse condition of respiratory disease, for example, Chronic lung illness.
5. Effects on Endocrine System
The endocrine system has a direct relation to sleep. There is a need for recommended hours of sleep to get the Endocrine system fully functioning. For example, sleep works as the catalyst for working of the Pituitary gland, which is responsible for discharging the growth hormone. The growth hormone is also vulnerable to sleep deprivation. The growth hormone does the work of high importance, particularly in children.
A good sleep of three hours is necessary for the production of testosterone.
6. Effects on the Cardiovascular System
The proper functioning of the cardiovascular system is considerably dependent upon sleep. Sleep deprivation becomes the catalyst for heart diseases, for example, high blood pressure. It also affects your sugar level by producing a higher level of insulin. It is enough necessary for the proper functioning of blood vessels.
An individual, who does not spend 7 to 9 hours of restful sleep, is often prone to cardiovascular disease.
Sleep deprivation, either permanently or occasional, has massive impacts on our physical as well as mental health. It becomes a trend in modern life to sleep late at night. It is not just a bad habit, but it is also a disease that generates many illnesses.